TMJ stands for temporomandibular joint. TMD is the disorder of that joint. This condition affects a large portion of the population. There are many symptoms of TMD, and a patient may have one or several of the following conditions:
- Pain in the Jaw Joint
- Ear pain/stuffiness
- Pain on chewing
- Limited mouth opening
- Joint noises; pops/clicks/grinding sounds
- Inability to close the mouth
- Neck pain/stiffness
There are over 26 different diagnoses associated with TMD. Treatment varies dependent on diagnosis. Current treatment approaches are directed towards managing pain and dysfunction.
- Thorough review of medical history, accident history, and symptoms
- Range of motion evaluation
- Sleep screening evaluation
- Trigger point and muscle palpation
- Intraoral exam
Imaging: Dependent upon differential diagnosis, Dr. Southard will refer to an imaging center for CBCT (cone bean computerized tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging).
Orthopedic Appliance Therapy: An oral appliance will provide joint stability and healing, as well as aid in pain reduction.
- Physical Therapy
- Trigger Point Injections
- Temporal Tendon Injections
- Vapocoolant Spray & Stretch
- Low Light Laser Therapy